It is an eye infection caused by a bacterium called chlamydia trachomatis: itching and irritation of the eyes and eyelids, discharge from the eyes, pain in the eye, sensitivity to light and blurred vision. Then scars form on the inner layer of the eyelid, the eyelashes grow inward, scraping the cornea. This condition is called trichiasis, if left untreated the cornea becomes cloudy. This can cause ulcers to form on the cornea.
Treatment: Antibiotics are effective in treating early cases of trachoma, more advanced cases may require surgery, to correct eyelashes that grow into the eye. It can also be done with a corneal transplant and may be beneficial if the cornea is so cloudy that vision is significantly impaired. Good hygiene, such as washing hands and face, can help prevent the spread of trachoma. To eliminate trachoma as a public health problem, WHO recommends implementing the “C.A.L.M.” strategy. which includes a) Surgery for trichiasis b) Antibiotics to eliminate Chlamydia trachomatis infection C) Facial cleansing D Environmental improvement to reduce transmission.